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The human eye is such a complex structure, and yet one that does its work so elegantly and efficiently, that many people accept its day-to-day function without really knowing how the eye's components work -- or what can go wrong with them. No matter which ophthalmologist in Shreveport LA you visit here at Shreveport Eye Clinic, you'll receive not just examinations and treatment but also detailed counseling and guidance on how you can keep your eyes in optimal shape for life -- starting with this overview!
Human eye anatomy resembles a camera in how this organ processes incoming light. The front of the eye has an adjustable hole in it called the pupil, covered by a spherical "window" known as the cornea. Light passes through these structures to the lens, a (normally) transparent focusing device controlled by muscles and ligaments. The focused light shines through the fluid-filled interior of the eye to the retina at the back of the eye. The retina contains specialized pigment cells that react to brightness, darkness and color frequencies, sending this information through the optic nerve to the brain for visual processing. Every part of this complex chain must be functioning adequately for you to perceive clear vision.
A variety of eye conditions can cause problems ranging from pain and irritation to total blindness if left untreated. Viruses, bacteria and allergens can all cause an inflammation known as conjunctivitis. Cytomegalovirus, which affects AIDS patients and other suffering from compromised immune systems, can destroy retinal cells.
Many other sight-destroying diseases may occur slowly but surely. These include glaucoma (a condition in which optic nerve fibers are irreparably damaged), macular degeneration (which can cause sufferers to lose their central vision) and cataracts ("clouding" of the lens that blocks incoming light). Fortunately, prompt care from your ophthalmologist in Shreveport LA can resolve a wide range of disorders and even help you preserve your vision against incurable diseases.
Even though our ophthalmology center can treat eye diseases and injuries, it's up to you to take care of your eyes on an everyday basis. Our ophthalmologists can help by providing you with such eye care essentials as sunglasses that block damaging UV rays, safety goggles to protect your eyes against bright light and foreign bodies, and various kinds of protective eyewear for use in athletic activities or potentially hazardous hobbies. We can also advise you on the effects of your overall physical health on your ocular health, recommending good lifestyle practices to help you help your eyes.
Shreveport Eye Clinic is proud to serve Shreveport, Bossier City, Caddo Parish and DeSoto Parish with the highest standards of eye disease diagnosis, treatment and prevention you'll find anywhere. Call 318-861-4009 to schedule an initial evaluation!